Wool Production Process

Wool Production Process


Wool is one of the most naturally
inspiring fibres on the planet and undergoes a unique journey
from the sheep’s back to the world of fashion. The first step is the classification process, categorising the wool for the end product. Wool fibres chosen for worsted garments tend to be longer and more uniform in length than those destined for woolen ones. The journey for both types of wool
begins with the scouring process, washing the wool in hot water and detergent and extracting the lanolin
which can be used in cosmetics. The wool is then blow-dried
and undergoes a process called carding, opening up the tangled fibres
into a continuous length. At the end of carding,
the woolen roving is extracted while the worsted sliver
moves on to the gilling process, which is designed to further align the fibres. From there, the wool
undergoes a process called combing. The sliver is pulled through
a fine-tooth comb, leaving short fibres and contamination behind. The resultant wool top is drawn down
to a fine rope called a worsted roving. The worsted and woolen rovings
are spun by a plying twist which binds the fibres together
to form continuous and strong yarn. Worsted yarns are fine and smooth whereas woolen yarns
have more texture and bulk. The yarn is the raw material
of the fashion industry. It can be knitted through a process
of interlocking loops or woven by interlacing weft yarns
across warp yarns which run the length of the fabric. Wool can be dyed
at almost any stage of the process and involves treating the fibre
with coloured dyes in boiling water. The fabric then undergoes a process
called finishing, designed to create
wool’s characteristic softness and texture. It is washed, steamed and then pressed, ready for delivery. It is the job of fashion designers
and pattern makers to transform the fabric into innovative designs for interiors, intimate apparel,
knits and woven garments.

16 thoughts on “Wool Production Process”

  1. we are a wool seller we like to export wool to europe any one please can advice us about good wool press or baler from europe
    best regards

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